Hook: In many stories authors don’t just tell a story but they are speaking to the reader in order to teach something. Introduce text: Wu Ch’-eng-en’s Chinese folktale Monkey, translated by Arthur Waley, is just such a story, one with a great deal of allegory. Context: Monkey’s outlandish and erratic behavior comes across like a kid with ADHD, the hyperactive kid we have all known. [explain more the value you seen in this allegory or allegory in general] Thesis: The allegorical tale of Monkey provides readers a number of lessons, among them X and Y.
Topic sentence for lesson X: One of the lessons that readers might take from chapter two of Monkey is that if one wants to gain the help of another, one must respect the guidelines that person lays out.
Importance of topic: If we don’t follow the guidelines that people who teach us provide, it shows a certain amount of disrespect for that person and the work they are doing. Why should a teacher or patriarch continue to work with people that don’t show them respect?
Specific example: We see this happen when Monkey directly disobeys the patriarch by engaging in inappropriate transformations to show off to the other students. Transformation example.
Explanation looking back to the thesis: Everyone needs to learn the lesson to respect those who are trying to help them achieve their goals. If they aren’t going to respect that person’s time and effort, then they don’t deserve much in the way of respect themselves.
How we learn lesson Y
Conclusion: drive home the value of allegory in general and the two lessons in particular.